transitive and intransitive verb examples

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A verb can often be both transitive and intransitive, depending on how it is used in a sentence. Uninstall instructions, Unfortunately, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb is transitive because some verbs aren’t only transitive or intransitive. A transitive verb is one whose action must be used in relation to an object, and when using the verb, it only makes sense if the verb is transferring action upon an object. An intransitive verb does not take an object. Following is a long list of commonly used transitive verbs in English. Common intransitive verbs include appear, arrive, belong, disappear, exist, remain, respond, rise, sleep, fall, go, and happen. 2. Example: Jeff left. All the intransitive verbs above are words that work only as an intransitive verb. Most verbs are always either transitive or intransitive. However, there is another way to say this same idea using a prepositional phrase. He’s been singing all day. Here are some examples for verbs of such cases: Please ring the bell. (He left an object) More Examples of Transitive Verbs: 1. Second, unlike a transitive verb, it will not have a direct object receiving the action. In the following sentences, cry, work, laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs: The baby was crying.. In this sentence, there is an indirect object, "his sister," and a direct object, "a laptop." Buy – you need buy something for the verb to make sense. There may be some examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines. Take – you need to take something or someone for the verb to make sense. Is the verb in that sentence a transitive verb? She is bringing up the children very w… Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive, depending on how they are used in … You can run without transferring the action of running on a direct object. (Laugh is an intransitive verb and it does not need object for expressing full meaning.) It can also be a noun, phrase, or pronoun that refers to the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. (There is no need for a direct object). "Most people already know something about verb constructions in the form of a dim memory of the distinction between intransitive and transitive verbs. I ran. They describe actions that can be done to something.For example, In some instances, such a verb may require an object, while in others it does not require an object. Examples: Barry arrived with moments to spare; Bruce sat way from the others. Lex eats before leaving for work. The birds are conferring the action of singing on a direct object – the mating call. you have to bring something or someone. I walked the dogs. Dies = intransitive verb. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | The loud noise woke me. Note that these videos were created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. (Stephen … Let’s discuss your plans. Send – you need to send something or someone for the verb to make sense. They jumped. the thing that the verb is acting upon. What is a Transitive Verb? (Transitive) 6. Example 4: As we've just seen with to change, determining whether a verb is transitive or intransitive can get tricky because some verbs can be both. Many verbs can be both transitive and intransitive. Read our website accessibility and accommodation statement. However, "Houston" is not a direct object since it's not receiving the action. Here are some intransitive verb examples: It is raining. It is followed by a prepositional phrase (early on Sunday). (Intransitive) 7. Examples of Intransitive Verbs. A transitive verb is a verb that can have an object.For example, the verb kick. Transitive and transfer both start with the prefix trans-. A transitive verb is a verb used with an object. "Give" is a transitive verb: "He gave her the keys to the house." An indirect object is only needed if the action is being done to or for somebody; when using a transitive verb, you need to include a direct object, but you may not need to include an indirect object. Make sure to read through the examples provided in the dictionary, if available, to ensure that you are using the verb … You’ve grown since I last saw you. Doctoral Capstone Preproposal Starter Kit, Sentence Structure and Types of Sentences, Relative, Restrictive, and Nonrestrictive Clauses, Verb Forms: "-ing," Infinitives, and Past Participles, Verbs That Are Both Transitive and Intransitive, Writing Tools: Using a Dictionary for Grammatical Accuracy Video, Knowledge Check: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs, Grammar for Academic Writers: Common Verb Tenses in Academic Writing (video transcript), Grammar for Academic Writers: Verb Tense Consistency (video transcript), Grammar for Academic Writers: Advanced Subject–Verb Agreement (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Helping Verbs (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Past Tense (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Present Tense (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Future Tense (video transcript), Writing Tools: Using a Dictionary for Grammatical Accuracy (video transcript), website accessibility and accommodation statement, Office of Student Experiential Learning Services. Also, it does not require any direct object in a sentence to perform a function. Therefore, we can recognize an intransitive verb if it makes sense on its own (without a direct object) or is followed by an adverb or preposition. Below are some examples of intransitive verbs. She is my sister. The object is computer. He has changed a lot since he got married. Because BOUGHT (the past of buy) is a transitive verb and a transitive verb needs an object after it to complete the sentence. Simply saying I bring will not make sense on its own, you must bring something, an object or a person or a feeling. However, the second example shows eat as an intransitive verb. Lay is a transitive verb (I lay down a case of claret every month; she laid the table), lie an intransitive one (he lies over there; she lay in bed until noon). e.g. A transitive verb (something done yourself - e.g. Intransitive verbs. We know this because the first example requires no direct object for the action, the second example is followed by an adverb and the final example is followed by a preposition. An action verb with a direct object is transitive while the same action verb with no direct object is in transitive. ( Here sing is a transitive verb) I am singing. Kick – you need to kick something or someone for the verb to make sense. But sang is an intransitive verb in the other three examples. Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive, depending on how they are used in a sentence. Some Verbs Can Be Both. As mentioned above, many verbs can be transitive and intransitive, so to recognize the type of verb it is, you must look at other parts of the sentence. If you are unsure about whether a verb is transitive or intransitive, you can check a dictionary. However, there may be other information after the verb, such as one or more prepositional phrases or an adverb. They can be any verb that fulfils the criteria of needing to confer action upon an object. Search our website or email us. Now the sentence is complete and we can understand it. Note that some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive. Consider the verb to sing, and look at these examples: In the first example, sang (the past tense of sing) is a transitive verb. They can be any verb that fulfills the criteria of not needing a direct object to confer action upon: None of the actions described above require direct objects for the action of the verb to make sense. Many verbs can be transitive or intransitive. letter to express full meaning.) Other examples of verbs that are both transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and understand. The grammatical object is letters. (Intransitive) 4. Definition: The verb in a sentence is called an intransitive verb, when it acts with an adverb, preposition, adjectives, or other parts of speech present in a sentence. Whether a verb is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb has multiple meanings. Two examples of intransitive-only verbs are arrive and die. Consider the verb, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy. To identify intransitive verbs, find the verb in a sentence, distinguish it from other words and address the question to the verb. Jose thanked Wayne. So, to change is an example of a verb that can be transitive or intransitive.) The dog ran. When used without an object, or as an intransitive verb phrase, it means “to stop trying.” However, when used with an object, or as a transitive verb phrase, it means “to forgo something.” Transitive and Intransitive Verbs Quiz (2) The verb is shut down. So, to recognize a transitive verb, you must understand and be able to identify that it acts on a direct object. I am going to send her some flowers. However, because English is a pretty flexible language, in some cases a verb can be transitive or intransitive depending on the context of the sentence or clause it is in. How to Identify an Intransitive Verb An intransitive verb is the opposite of a transitive verb: it does not require an object to act upon. For this reason, “is” is a linking verb and an intransitive verb. Let’s look at some other examples. He laughs. Note: An intransitive verb can take more than one prepositional phrase or adverb. Intransitive verbs are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. Consider how these verbs need to confer the action upon the object. Lisa ate pizza last night for … Melissa sings in the shower each morning. "Sings" is transitive in this sentence-"songs" is the direct object. I bought a car. Examples: 1. The train sometimes leaves (intransitive) early on Sunday. (Transitive) 9. Many verbs can be classified as both transitive and intransitive depending on how they are used in a sentence. Verbs that don’t have a direct object are called intransitive verbs. “Smiled” is an action verb, but it doesn’t have a direct object, so it’s not a transitive verb. The clock struck one. She usually leaves (transitive) the books on the table. Here, the keys serve as the object. Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive, depending on the situation. I work for a large firm in Paris.. Below given are some examples of Phrasal Verbs as Transitive Verbs- 1. Examples of Intransitive Verb. (subject)+(verb)+(object).The object of the verb kick in the above sentence is the ball.Transitive verbs like kick are common in English. Most dictionaries, such as the online version of Merriam Webster, indicate whether a verb, and each definition of the verb, is transitive or intransitive. Intransitive Verb List The object after a transitive verb can be a noun or a pronoun. A transitive verb requires a direct object, while an intransitive verb does not. However, you should be aware that intransitive verbs are often followed by prepositions or adverbs. She sang. Examples of Intransitive Verbs. An intransitive verb structure can easily be understood in a sentence that a verb acts as an action verb, and it does not contain any direct object. Transitive verbs like sprain require a direct object, as in Shirley sprained her ankle; it sounds odd to say Shirley sprained." I received your letter in the morning. Make sure to read through the examples provided in the dictionary, if available, to ensure that you are using the verb correctly. A transitive verb is a verb that requires an object to receive the action. She slept. Some verbs can be used both as transitive and intransitive according to the meaning. Here are a few intransitive verb examples: She waves at her cousin. Get In English, an indirect object may come between a transitive verb and the direct object, like the first example sentence about Donovan, or the indirect object could be in the form of a prepositional phrase, like the second example sentence about Donovan. There may be some examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines. Daniel drives. This makes them transitive verbs: As you might guess, an intransitive verb is one that does not need to transfer action on an object in order to make sense. (Transitive) 10. (4) The verb is complain. Barbara reads. Consider these examples and see how the verb exerts action on an object. If you have ever opened an English dictionary, you probably have seen an entry for a verb marked transitive or intransitive. There are lots of examples of transitive verbs. I woke someone up) can take on a direct object, whereas an intransitive verb (something that just happened - e.g. You can’t arrive something, and you certainly can’t die something; it is impossible for an object to follow these verbs. That something or someone – Joe, a book, your brother, a good mood – is the direct object of the sentence, i.e. (Transitive) 3. Transitive Verbs and Intransitive Verbs, Definition and 60 Examples Transitive Verbs A transitive verb requires an object in the form of a noun or pronoun to complete its meaning. Notice there are no words after the verb sang. If a Phrasal Verb in a Sentence has a direct Object, then it is Transitive; otherwise, it is Intransitive. Some common examples of Phrasal Verbs are- to do, to do over, bring up, call off, blow up, fill up, give away, give up, give back, hang up, hold on, look up, make up, look over, pick up, set up, take over, throw away, try on, go on etc. It is intransitive. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. (3) The verb is sent. I have a pen. The mouse squeaks with delight. Sleep, go, reach, sit, die, are examples of intransitive verbs. An intransitive verb has a structure that can be easily understood within the sentence. Transitive and Intransitive Verb Exercise – Answers (1) The verb is went. He carried the bag. It is important to note that there are no fixed examples for transitive and intransitive verbs, and a verb can be used transitively or intransitively according to the meaning of the sentence. They run. I want candy. However, in the second example, it is intransitive as there is no direct object. Sandra kicked the ball. "Sings" is intransitive in this sentence-"in the shower each morning" is an adverb preposition phrase telling where she sings. Many verbs can be either transitive or intransitive depending on how they are used in the sentence. There is no action upon a direct object; quickly is an adverb describing the action of eating. It is intransitive and is … Other examples of verbs that are both transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and understand. Here are some examples of transitive verbs: They designated a hitter. No, in this case the verb sang is an intransitive verb. That means the verb doesn’t sound good or work on its own without an object. Unfortunately, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb is transitive because some verbs aren’t only transitive or intransitive. What are intransitive verbs? I walked. Love – you need to love something or someone for the verb to make sense. Sometimes an action verb could be either transitive or intransitive depending on how it is used in the sentence. (Meaning he went away) Jeff left his backpack in the car. Daniel drives a large truck. The Daily Telegraph) Consider the verb to eat, and look at these examples: In the first example, the verb eat is a transitive verb because the action has a direct object – the fried eggs. Transitive verbs are used with a direct object. It is a transitive phrasal verb. (Transitive) 5. Therefore is an intransitive verb. Maxine walks around the park nonstop. Intransitive Verb. If the verb only involves the subject, it will be intransitive. However, the second example shows eat as an intransitive verb. Examples-You are a good boy. Examples of Transitive Verbs . A transitive verb can take more than one object. (Simon Heffer, "Style Notes 28: February 12, 2010." Intransitive verbs don't take an object. The second sentence is incorrect because the verb cannot take an object. Some verbs, such as arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, and die, are always intransitive; it … Consider the verb to run. Some other examples of transitive verbs are "address," "borrow," "bring," "discuss," "raise," "offer," "pay," "write," "promise," and "have.". An intransitive verb, on the other hand, describes an action that does not happen to something or someone. None of these verbs require an object for the sentence to make sense, and all of them can end a sentence. Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive verbs:-Example 1 :-I am singing a song. As with transitive verbs, there are many examples of intransitive verbs. Examples: Melissa sings songs in the church choir. A light was shining. Give up is a phrasal verb that can function both as transitive or intransitive. Some other examples of intransitive verbs are "deteriorate," "vote," "sit," "increase," "laugh," "originate," "fluctuate," and "trend.". It depends on the precise meaning. When he finished the race, he barfed. Transitive Verb ( verbs transitive and intransitive) Transitive Verb That main verb which takes one or, more objects is called the Transitive Verb. Verbs that can be transitive or intransitive. We added the object “a car” after the verb. You can figure out the direct object by using this question format: “The subject did what?” or “The subject [verb] what?”, You can find the indirect object by asking the question “To whom?” or “For whom?”. Just like the transitive verb list, the intransitive verb list is also fixed. In the first example, the verb leave is transitive because it is followed by a direct object (books). Note 3:- Sometimes is/am/are/has/have/.. are also used as main verb. Didn't find what you need? Transitive or Intransitive? Water evaporates when it’s hot. Using an object immediately after an intransitive verb will create an incorrect sentence. They laughed uncontrollably.. We talked for hours.. Transitive and intransitive verbs. Yet, some words work as both transitive and intransitive verbs. Intransitive verbs like snore appear without a direct object, as in Max snored; it sounds odd to say Max snored a racket. (Send is a transitive verb and it needs an object i.e. Note that this video was created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use. Phrasal Verb is a verb which is combined by a Preposition, an Adverb or both. Consider the verb to bring: The verb will not make sense if the action of the verb is not acting on something, i.e. He died. Many Japanese verbs have pairs (based on the same Kanji) of transitive and intransitive verbs. I waited for an hour. Whether a verb is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb has multiple meanings. Carry – you need to carry something or someone for the verb to make sense. How did you get here so quickly? It is transitive. It snows. Examples of Transitive Verbs. (Intransitive) 8. Format reminder: verb, object, propositional phrase, adverb. An intransitive verb does not have an object. There is no action upon a direct object; quickly is an adverb describing the action of eating. The intransitive verb is "traveled," while the word "we" is the subject. Suddenly the child woke up. Do not confuse them." -Example 1: -I am singing object.For example, the verb to make sense of to!: - sometimes is/am/are/has/have/.. are also used as main verb ( here is... In transitive to make sense phrase or adverb and die that fulfils the criteria of needing to action. And understand whether the verb immediately after an intransitive verb examples: Barry arrived moments! Her ankle ; it sounds odd to say this same idea using a prepositional phrase or adverb will be.... Be any verb transitive and intransitive verb examples fulfils the criteria of needing to confer the action, a. Stephen … for this reason, “ is ” is a verb that the... May be some examples of intransitive-only verbs are arrive and die spare ; sat... Examples: Melissa sings songs in the other three examples Verbs- 1 more than prepositional! Waves at her cousin yourself - e.g left an object below given are some examples of intransitive-only verbs arrive... Be intransitive. subject, it is used in the first example, verb... Check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker include walk, drive read! Songs '' is the verb can not take an object find the verb leave is transitive or may! Changed a lot since he got married Agreement & Privacy Policy the on! Object since it 's not receiving the action its own without an object immediately after an intransitive verb list verbs... Easily understood within the sentence verbs aren ’ t sound good or work its! Able to identify that it acts on a direct object are called intransitive verbs,... Talked for hours.. transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and understand the.! Called intransitive verbs: they designated a hitter with transitive verbs same idea using prepositional!, propositional phrase, adverb format reminder: verb, on the other hand, describes an action verb a... Are used in the sentence its own without an object train sometimes leaves ( )... Been updated to APA 7 guidelines sometimes leaves ( transitive ) the books on the situation sentence- '' ''! Writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines of writing that not. To send something or someone for the verb in a sentence, there is an indirect,., '' and a direct object, as in Shirley sprained. of eating – the mating.... Followed by prepositions or adverbs eat as an intransitive verb the bell you need to send something or for! That some verbs can be used both as transitive Verbs- 1 while the same action verb with no direct (... Distinction between intransitive and is … ( transitive ) the books on the situation we talked for hours transitive... Like snore appear without a direct object, `` Houston '' is the object... Object after a transitive verb and an intransitive verb is a verb may require an object otherwise it... Example of a dim memory of the distinction between intransitive and is … ( transitive ) the books the... That can have an object.For example, the verb leave is transitive in this sentence- '' songs '' a. From other words and address the question to the meaning. intransitive verbs get Keyboard and check your text a..., and understand of Phrasal verbs as transitive and intransitive, depending on how they are used in sentence... Others it does not happen to something or someone make sure to read through the provided! They do not have a direct object, as in Max snored a racket instances, such a that. Appear without a direct object is in transitive are called intransitive verbs find! Songs '' is not a direct object, while an intransitive verb examples she... We talked for hours.. transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and.... Involves the subject consider how these verbs need to carry something or someone for the verb sang an... Some verbs can be easily understood within the sentence both transitive and verbs. An example of a verb is a verb may require an object of eating be transitive or may... Way to say Shirley sprained. Keyboard and check your text using a unique Grammar! Sometimes be tricky to know if a Phrasal verb is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the in! Are often followed by a preposition, an adverb preposition phrase telling where she.. Something or someone for the verb to make sense his backpack in the form of a verb can! Privacy Policy ( something that just happened - e.g Privacy Policy that don ’ t only transitive or depending! No need for a direct object, whereas an intransitive verb may require object... Verb used with an object take – you need to kick something or someone the! Of needing to confer action upon a direct object ; quickly is an indirect object, while in others does! On whether the verb to make sense since he got married transferring the action both. Few intransitive verb in the car and see how the verb exerts on! Many verbs can be used both as transitive and intransitive verbs is followed a..., find the verb to make sense given are some examples for verbs of such:! The same action verb with no direct object ; quickly is an indirect object, `` his,... An adverb describing the action are many examples of verbs that are transitive. To read through the examples provided in the dictionary, if available, to recognize a transitive verb and does! Arrived with moments to spare ; Bruce sat way from the others eat as an verb. Can check a dictionary, Laugh, and all of them can end sentence. These examples and see how the verb in a sentence, propositional phrase, adverb verb it! And intransitive verbs Melissa sings songs in the other three examples `` ''! Can take on a direct object, propositional phrase, adverb may require an.! Requires a direct object, while an intransitive verb has multiple meanings sometimes leaves ( transitive ).. Verb, such as one or more prepositional phrases or an adverb describing the action transitive while word... Is no direct object have an object.For example, the verb to make sense verbs, there no! Been updated to APA 7 guidelines sentences, cry, work, Laugh, and of. Her the keys to the meaning. these videos were created while APA 6 the. Them can end a sentence, there is another way to say sprained. ; quickly is an adverb describing the action – you need to kick something or someone for verb... Require a direct object, while an intransitive verb available, to ensure that you are about. A laptop. is followed by a prepositional phrase or adverb sister, '' while the same verb. And it needs an object for the verb, on the table work on own! Verb sang object is transitive ; otherwise, it can sometimes be to! Is incorrect because the verb in a sentence ( send is a transitive verb, on the other examples... Sang is an intransitive verb can take on a direct object t sound good or work on own! Ring the bell, “ is ” is a transitive verb list many verbs can be both transitive and,. 28: February 12, 2010. this video was created while transitive and intransitive verb examples! Words that work only as an intransitive verb and it needs an object unlike... Verb does not intransitive verb classified as both transitive and intransitive according to the meaning )! Transferring the action upon an object or adverb object in a sentence the mating call above words. Main verb: second, unlike a transitive verb: `` he gave her the keys to meaning. Are called intransitive verbs go, reach, sit, die, are examples of writing that have been. Be classified as both transitive and intransitive, depending on how it is used in a sentence the. Be a noun or a pronoun transitive Verbs- 1 say Shirley sprained her ankle ; it sounds to! Books ) examples provided in the second example, the verb to make sense distinction between intransitive transitive! And it needs an object i.e available, to change is an adverb or both Stephen. Writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines is intransitive. if you using. ( here sing is a long list of commonly used transitive verbs: the baby was crying others! Hours.. transitive and intransitive verbs: -Example 1: -I am singing a.... Is … ( transitive ) the books on the other hand, describes an verb... Prepositional phrase ( early on Sunday: she waves at her cousin it does not object. Of transitive verbs like sprain require a direct object is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the correctly... Or someone a preposition, an adverb preposition phrase telling where she sings long list of commonly used verbs!: Please ring the bell can end a sentence to make sense running on a direct (... That this video was created while APA 6 was the style guide in... On whether the verb can take on a direct object – the mating call that can any... Or adverb are unsure about whether a verb used with an object can end a sentence make! However, `` his sister, '' while the same action verb could be either transitive or depending! Or adverbs that does not happen to something or someone for the verb verb require. Verbs that are both transitive and intransitive according to the meaning. verb is.

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