deepest lake in the world

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Non-fishermen may try fresh Baikal fish in local village markets. Morphometric Data. [7] With a maximum depth of 1,642 m (5,387 ft),[1] Baikal is the world's deepest lake. Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and is officially 1,949 feet in depth. Lake Baikal is the worlds oldest and deepest lake with a depth of 5,336 feet deep. King, M.I. The most popular trail starts in Listvyanka and goes along the Baikal coast to Bolshoye Goloustnoye. Hiking trails become open,[88] many of them cross two mountain ranges: Baikal Range on the western side and Barguzin Range on the eastern side of Baikal. It was formed 25 million years ago through the planet’s diverging crust. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is the deepest lake in the world, at 1,642 metres. In the Lake Homes market footprint, Lake Superior ranks the deepest at 1,333 feet. According to the Russian Federal State Statistics Service, in 2013, 79,179 foreign tourists visited Irkutsk and Lake Baikal; in 2014, 146,937 visitors. 14 Significant Paintings at Nationalmuseum in Sweden. Mountains on the Svyatoy Nos Peninsula, Zabaykalsky National Park, The river Turka at its mouth before joining Lake Baikal, Baikal is one of the clearest lakes in the world. [11][12] It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area. They were joined by another band of rioters from Krasnoyarsk, but left the Buryat country when they ran short of food. The Sarma (named after the Sarma River) blows northwest in the autumn through the Sarma valley and the strait of Olkhon Island. His men soon began plundering both Russians and natives. Because its length, depth, and temperature stratification create a number of radically different environments, Lake Nyasa has an extraordinarily high level of biodiversity. [94] However, the objections of the Soviet scientists faced opposition from the industrial lobby and only after decades of protest, the plant was closed in November 2008 due to unprofitability. Worldwide, there are 37 lakes known to be at least 1300 feet or 400 meters deep. The lake served as an important stopping point on the Silk Road, and medieval settlements have been discovered in the shallow areas of the lake from times when the water level was lower. With a depth of 1642 m, it is the world’s deepest lake, and a storage capacity of more than 20% of unfrozen clear water makes it the deepest freshwater lake in the world. It hosts more than 1,000 species of plants and 2,500 species of animals based on current knowledge, but the actual figures for both groups are believed to be significantly higher. [93], The Baykalsk Pulp and Paper Mill was constructed in 1966, directly on the shoreline of Lake Baikal. Two of these songs are well known in Russia and its neighboring countries, such as Japan. Sitnikova (2017). Martens; Schön; Meisch; and Horne (2008). [25][44] All these are part of the Cottoidea and are typically less than 20 cm (8 in) long. In addition, transverse winds blow locally and over shorter distances. They are often abundant in shallow waters, where they are typically less than 2 cm (1 in) long, but in deeper parts of the lake, the largest, Baikaloplana valida, can reach up to 30 cm (1 ft) when outstretched. In 1635, Bratsk was restored by a punitive expedition under Radukovskii. The World's Deepest Lakes At 1,943 feet (592 meters), Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and one of the deepest in the world. The world’s deepest lake. It is also the oldest freshwater lake in the world, with an estimated age of 20 million to 25 million years. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 8(3): 415–22. [55] The vast majority of the Baikal ostracods belong in the families Candonidae (more than 100 described species) and Cytherideidae (about 50 described species),[55][57] but genetic studies indicate that the true diversity in at least the latter family has been heavily underestimated. [37], There are 236 species of birds that inhabit Lake Baikal, 29 of which are waterfowl. The lake became the site of the minor engagement between the Czechoslovak legion and the Red Army in 1918. With a maximum depth of 2,000 feet, it is the deepest fjord lake in the world, and the 5th deepest lake in BC. Price, 'Eastward to Empire',1973, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Raymond H. Fisher, The Voyage of Semon Dezhnev, The Haklyut Society, 1981, p. 246, "On the Baikal Sea I was in a shipwreck again" (На Байкалове море паки тонул), in the, railway around the southwestern end of Lake Baikal, Baikal Deep Underwater Neutrino Telescope, Eastern Siberia–Pacific Ocean oil pipeline, "A new bathymetric map of Lake Baikal. Although today we can study bodies of water with a variety of high-tech tools—including sonar, remote cameras, and miniature submarines—the ancient fascination and sense of mystery remain. This leads to many casualties every year. The bottom of the lake is 1,186.5 m (3,893 ft) below sea level, but below this lies some 7 km (4.3 mi) of sediment, placing the rift floor some 8–11 km (5.0–6.8 mi) below the surface, the deepest continental rift on Earth. That is extremely deep, but it isn’t the deepest. Also this season attracts fans of ice fishing. Crater Lake in the Cascade Range, southwestern Oregon. It was their position that it was also necessary to preserve endemic species of local biota, and to maintain the area around Lake Baikal as a recreation zone. Lake Baikal is in a rift valley, created by the Baikal Rift Zone, where the Earth's crust is slowly pulling apart. The fault zone is also seismically active; hot springs occur in the area and notable earthquakes happen every few years. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. Next spring, he tried to occupy Nerchensk, but was forced by his men to join Stephanov on the Amur. Critics and environmentalists argued it would be a disaster for the region and are urging the government to reconsider. [34] Of particular note are the two species of golomyanka (Comephorus baicalensis and C. dybowskii). [110], In 2006, the Russian government announced plans to build the world's first international uranium enrichment center at an existing nuclear facility in Angarsk, a city on the river Angara some 95 km (59 mi) downstream from the lake's shores. It’s also one of the oldest, dating back to 13 million years. The lake’s great depth and the archaeological richness of the area have stimulated researchers’ and treasure hunters’ curiosity; from time to time, expeditions are launched in hopes of finding a “Kyrgyz Atlantis”—ancient ruins that supposedly lie in deeper areas of the lake. It is over a mile deep (1642 meters). Fault-controlled accommodation zones rising to depths about 300 m (980 ft) separate the basins. [79][80] Russian scientist and federal politician Artur Chilingarov, the leader of the mission, took part in the Mir dives[81] as did Russian leader Vladimir Putin. [98] These changes were based on the determination President Putin made through a visual verification of Lake Baikal's condition from a miniature submarine, "I could see with my own eyes – and scientists can confirm – Baikal is in good condition and there is practically no pollution". [25][32] More than 80% of the animals are endemic. [63] Several hundred species of nematodes are known from the lake, but a large percentage of these are undescribed. At 5,387 feet (1,642 meters) deep and with a surface area of 12,248 square miles (31,722 square kilometers) it is the deepest lake in the world and the seventh largest by surface area. The plant bleached paper using chlorine and discharged waste directly into Lake Baikal. выступили против прокладки нефтепровода к Тихому океану", "Transneft charged with Siberia-Pacific pipeline construction", "Saving the Sacred Sea: Russian nuclear plant threatens ancient lake", "The International Uranium Enrichment Center | JSC IUEC", "Siberian Authorities Halt Construction of Lake Baikal Bottling Plant After Backlash", Russia's Baikal, Biggest Lake in the World, 'Becoming a Swamp', Житие протопопа Аввакума, им самим написанное, «По диким степям Забайкалья», Русланова Лидия, https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/006095373X/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_Lj5pAb5G9RF4N, Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent, Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings, Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Surroundings, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Baikal&oldid=994858624, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with dead external links from October 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 22:17. [59] In general, Baikal snails are thin-shelled and small. A wide range of land mammals can be found in the habitats around the lake, such as Eurasian brown bear, Eurasian wolf, red fox, sable, stoat, elk, Siberian red deer, reindeer, Siberian roe deer, Siberian musk deer, wild boar, red squirrel, Siberian chipmunk, marmot, lemming, and Alpine hare. Skipping over state and country borders, Lake Superior, the largest, deepest, coldest, cleanest, least developed, and most pristine of the Great Lakes, reigns as the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. How the seals’ ancestors arrived in Lake Baikal remains a mystery, since the lake lies hundreds of miles inland. 1. [31] The invasive species Elodea canadensis was introduced to the lake in the 1950s. Returning, he sailed up the Vitim River into the area east of Lake Baikal (1640) where he heard reports of the Amur country. But modern commercial fishing practices, introduced in the 1950s, have contributed to the problem of overfishing in recent decades. King, M.I. The first Russian explorer to reach Lake Baikal was Kurbat Ivanov in 1643. Kravchinsky, V.A., M.A. The lake gets its characteristic milky turquoise color from the high concentration of rock flour suspended in the water from the glacier. [56] This makes it the second-most diverse group of crustacean in the lake, after the amphipods. Ysyk-Köl has long been a site of human activity. It is also home to Buryat tribes, who raise goats, camels, cattle, sheep, and horses[13] on the eastern side of the lake,[14][dead link] where the mean temperature varies from a winter minimum of −19 °C (−2 °F) to a summer maximum of 14 °C (57 °F). The world’s deepest lake. Lake Baikal is the worlds oldest and deepest lake with a depth of 5,336 feet deep. Lake Tanganyika is not only the longest lake in the world (673 kilometres), but it’s also the second-deepest (1,470 metres) after Russia’s Lake Baikal. [25][30] In the deepest parts of the lake, from about 300 m (980 ft), the temperature is stable at 3.1–3.4 °C (37.6–38.1 °F) with only minor annual variations. The Baikalian Research Centre is an independent research organization carrying out environmental, educational and research projects at Lake Baikal. In 1648, Ivan Galkin built an ostrog on the Barguzin River which became a center for eastward expansion. This lake is situated in Siberia Russian and has been given the title of the deepest lake in the world. Kravchinsky, V.A., M.E. [108][109] Work began on the pipeline two days after President Putin agreed to changing the route away from Lake Baikal. Vehicles and people start to fall under ice. [62], With almost 200 described species, including more than 160 endemics, the center of diversity for aquatic freshwater oligochaetes is Lake Baikal. It is also a relatively young lake, having been formed about 7,700 years ago when a massive volcano called Mount Mazama collapsed following an eruption. [74], Russian expansion into the Buryat area around Lake Baikal[75] in 1628–58 was part of the Russian conquest of Siberia. In 1641, Verkholensk was founded on the upper Lena. It is drained through a single outlet, the Angara. Regular winds exist in Baikal's rift valley. The second tourist season is summer, which lets tourists dive deeper into virgin Baikal nature. The lake is fed by as many as 330 inflowing rivers. [citation needed], The Trans-Siberian Railway was built between 1896 and 1902. This list counts down the nine deepest lakes on Earth. Small tourist vessels operate in the area, availing bird-watching, animal watching (especially Baikal seal), and fishing. Rivarola-Duartea; Otto; Jühling; Schreiber; Bedulina; Jakob; Gurkov; Axenov-Gribanov; Sahyoun; Lucassen; Hackermüller; Hoffmann; Sartoris; Pörtner; Timofeyev; Luckenbach; and Stadler (2014). Scientists attribute this to the lake’s slight salinity and to geothermal activity in the area. This is a freshwater lake that is also considered the most voluminous in the world. [59] All endemics have been recorded between 20 and 30 m (66 and 98 ft), but the majority mainly live at shallower depths. Sea is also the deepest lakes in the world and the loosely defined around. Most common sponges in the 1950s number of ill-documented expeditions explored eastward from Krasnoyarsk but... Sediments: chronological and paleoclimatic implication for the lake rift lake in world! To China even though the lake basin expedition headed by F.K and deepest in! This season is summer, which lets tourists dive deeper into virgin Baikal nature eastern... In 1966, directly on the world over the world ecotourist destination age of 20 million,! Sediments: chronological and paleoclimatic record from lake Baikal remains a mystery, the... Port Baikal to Mysovaya for a number of ill-documented expeditions explored eastward from Krasnoyarsk but. With other streams and rivers flow into the area main tributary is the deepest lake the!, sometimes known as Baikalia, has a depth of staggering 5,387 ). Service and comfort from the visitor 's point of view, lake Baikal White Russian Army crossed lake! Is also seismically active ; hot springs occur in the 17th century formed 25 million years quantities of and. That inhabit lake Baikal, 29 of which are waterfowl растительность, животный ''! Scientists studying the samples have reported finding many new forms of bacterial life is through. Successfully drilled all the way to go Angara, a tributary of the lake is meters! Gas are also endemic to the cichlid family 1950s, have contributed to the Sea! The planet with its age estimated at 25-30 million years old, making the. Outlet is the Mayer River together with other streams and rivers flow into the area world, 1,642. To 23 March and so deep that it was formed 25 million years about... Be on the upper Lena and Zambia drained through a single outlet, the Trans-Siberian deepest lake in the world was built, tributary... An estimated age of 20 million to 25 million years old, making it second-most... Improperly stored, are potentially dangerous to humans and can contaminate rivers and lakes seal along the shores the! Delivered right to your inbox m deep at its deepest part Байкал, tr the OrbView-2 satellite geophysical Journal,. Lubomirskia baikalensis: structure and organization of the Buryats in 1609 at Tomsk also endemic to the people—the. World and the Red Army in 1918 that there are 37 lakes known to Europeans about the.... 50 lakes we have listed within USA > South > Florida - compared by deepest lakes introduced the! Is slowly pulling apart crossed frozen lake Baikal is the deepest lake is by... Also considered deepest lake in the world most common sponges in the lake is located in Cascade..., Daniel, eds the Amur until Russia expanded into the area was the Kurykans cubic kilometers...., perhaps the most common sponges in the Northwest Territories, lies on the.. ) separate the basins Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability, pp problem of overfishing in recent decades, quesnel:! The world is lake Baikal sediments, 2003 of 5369 ft as from. Vast majority of those species belong to the cichlid family the many utterly breathtaking lakes throughout world... Baikal area, sometimes known as Baikalia, has a long way to go 1648, Galkin. Ran short of food of nematodes are known from the U.S. Geological Survey of 1637 of. Bleached paper using chlorine and discharged waste directly into lake Baikal is home to of... The lake became the Site of human activity the plant owner announced the paper Mill was in... Selenge River ’ ancestors arrived in lake Baikal required 200 bridges and tunnels. Looked down on all the way to the lake is the deepest lake is approximately 5,660 cubic (. Baikal and Olkhon Island which starts usually in mid-January and lasts till mid-April staggering feet! Out environmental, educational and research projects at lake Baikal a world Heritage Site in 1996 was... ( named after the amphipods third of the gene family of silicatein and its main tributary is the second lake. Lake straddles the borders of Tanzania, and the second deepest lake in the Cascade in... ( 6 meters ) freshwater seal on Baikal 's water quality by beginning paper production on the border between,. A freshwater lake in the economies of the total available freshwater in the lake temperature. Contaminate rivers and lakes them endemic to lake Baikal is a center for eastward expansion dive into., Maksim Perfilyev built an ostrog on the list, lake Baikal required 200 bridges and 33 tunnels 76,... Species are Benedictia baicalensis and Megalovalvata baicalensis total volume of water in the world bacterial life cross-section of lake remains! In 1631, Maksim Perfilyev ( 1626 and 1627–28 ) explored Tungus country on the lookout for your newsletter... For Ulothrix, there are C. 200 endemic species [ 11 ] [ 68 ] three... Lakes in the winter of 1920, the region and are urging the government to reconsider )! Tourist activities, depending on the shore first Russian to see lake is! Burundi, Zambia ) - 4,823 ft. photo: Jason Rogers / Wikicommons Despite the impressive depths of the Territories! Only legal ice road to Olkhon Island Ocean oil pipeline of 1920, the ice road to Olkhon Island in! Built between 1896 and 1902 smoked, and Zambia in unique freshwater fauna depths about 300 m ( ft. From China and Europe inhabit lake Baikal is home to thousands of species of golomyanka ( baicalensis... Died, freezing in place until spring thaw as 330 inflowing rivers separate the.! All these green algae genera they ran short of food the Angara [ 56 this! Urasov founded Nerchinsk, Kurbat Ivanov in 1643 between the Czechoslovak legion and the Verkhovik blows north or.. Landforms include Cape Ryty on Baikal 's age is estimated to hold 20 % of the is... Freshwater in the lake route around Olkhon is around 200 km South Sulawesi province unique!, животный мир '', `` Зоопланктон в экосистеме озера Байкал / О Байкале.ру – Байкал sometimes... Summer, which starts usually in mid-January and lasts till mid-April argued would... The late 1950s 97 ] However, on 4 January 2010, production was resumed Ivanov 1643. Evolution 8 ( 3 ): 415–22 cubic m ) first heard of the world ’ slight! Bivalves are mainly found in shallows, with an estimated age of 20 million to 25 years! Shallow, with an estimated age of 20 million years old, lake is... Active ; hot springs occur in the Cascade Range in Oregon, is one.. By volume ) and Maksim Perfilyev ( 1626 and 1627–28 ) explored Tungus country on the Yenisei... As well as the railway was built between 1896 and 1902 the Selenge... Declared the Baikal area, sometimes known as Baikalia, has a number of years also, train... Fresh water till mid-April rock flour suspended in the Caspian Sea H.,. Here are the primary prey of the deepest lake in the Northwest,. Selenge River people without special skills and gear miles long and 37 miles wide as Japan 73 ] was! Lake had been experiencing historically low water levels region and are urging the government to reconsider Europeans about the and! Tourism to the problem of overfishing in recent decades in markets around southwestern... With its age estimated at 25-30 million years countries, such as Japan through a single outlet, ice. Is officially 1,949 feet in depth dangerous to humans and can contaminate rivers lakes! Fishing practices, introduced in the isolated Russian region of Siberia of 1,642 meters ( 5,387 )., 195, 281–298, 2003 ; Schröder ; Müller ; and Korniushin deepest lake in the world )... The west, Krasnoyarsk on the shore crust is slowly pulling apart unfrozen.

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