peat soil in malaysia

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Will Congress Let Clean Energy Momentum Stall Out During COVID? Methane emission in pineapple cultivation is important as 90% of pineapples are grown on the peat soils of Malaysia. Major Soil Types in Malaysia and Soil Classification 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Major Soil Type 2.1 Residual soils 2.2 Glacial soils 2.3 Alluvial soils 2.4 Lacustrine soils 2.5 Marine soils 2.6 Aeolian soils 2.7 Colluvial soils 2.8 Organic soils and peat 3.0 Soil … Land … “Our objective is not only for Sarawak, not only for Malaysia. But it’s the announcement by Wilmar, the largest trader (and one of the largest producers) of palm oil, that is likely to have the greatest impact on the palm oil industry. Posts that are commercial, self-promotional, obscene, rude, or disruptive will be removed. Getting companies to commit to steps such as best management is truly only the first piece. Carbon dioxide and methane emission from compacted tropical peat soil. That should be our way forward. Thanks for directing me to this paper. We also do not want to pollute the environment,” he said, adding that he is convinced MPS and Tropi will be able do it. The area of peatland within palm oil concessions, however, is much larger, and many are unplanted but … With some money from Petronas of course we will allocate for research,” he said. For example, some non-peatlands are forested, and it is important to protect these forests as well. Carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and a secondary tropical peat swamp forest in Sarawak, Malaysia… ... Serbajadi Jiffy 7 Peat … He has published more than 100 research articles on the topic. It is a 100% organic product and is a proven natural alternative to mined peat moss, therefore using it helps slow down peat … Malaysia … are classified as Bog and Fen Peat. High water tables in peatlands limit the amount of oxygen that reaches the organic material. Soil Science Conference of Malaysia (SOILS 2019): Sustainable Soil Management and Conservation, 16-18 April 2019, Malacca, Malaysia. Here’s hoping we get some of these questions answered and have improved communication to the broader public and to help inform policy. And the costs of not protecting peatlands are indeed high for both the local communities and the planet! While intact peatlands also emit carbon dioxide, it has been shown that disturbed peatlands lose carbon not only from the upper levels of soil and from plant growth, but also the carbon that has been stored in the soil for centuries. Ask a Scientist: What Must the Biden Administration Do to Protect Federal Science? However, major … Wilmar will explore options for peatland restoration in some areas. With their soil made up of predominantly organic matter, the world’s peatlands store twice as much carbon dioxide, one of the climate-changing greenhouse gases, as its forests: an estimated 550 gigatons, to be precise. However, he expressed his pride for the society’s accomplishments as well as Tropi’s contributions in helping to provide feedback for the government to formulate policies as far as peat is concerned. This research was conducted from November, 2007 to February, 2008. Earlier, Abang Johari noted that it has not been a smooth journey for MPS in the past 10 years as it faced many challenges from environmentalists on peat and carbon emissions. To contribute to the comments and general discussion here, I’d like to draw your attention to a paper published this week on ‘Research agendas for the sustainable management of tropical peatland in Malaysia’ (available for download here: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/92219/). Thanks for a concise summary of the situation in Malaysia regarding palm oil plantations, peat soil, etc. SUMMARY Peatland in Malaysia covers approximately 2.76 million hectares of which 796,782 hectares are in Peninsular Malaysia (Law and Selvadurai, 1968), 200,600 hectares in Sabah (Acres et al, 1975) and 1,765,547 hectares in Sarawak (Melling, 1999). We must try to get scientific evidence. What a Relief! This peat has unique characteristics, which makes it significantly different from other peat. Malaysian peat is a tropical peat (Andriesse, 1988). One of the most vocal groups concerned with these new policies is the Sarawak Oil Palm Plantation Owner’s Association (SOPPOA), which represents oil palm plantation owners in the Malaysian state on the island of Borneo. Malaysia has approximately 2.6 Mha of peatlands, of which about 70 % (∼1.6 Mha) are in Sarawak. Oil palms are cultivated on peat on a large scale since the mid fifties. Photo: Paul Hilton Photography. - 2019 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia. In Malaysia, peat has been classified as one of the major soil group. “What is important is scientific evidence. FREE SHIPPING in Peninsular Malaysia for orders above RM200.00. “Do further research and try to convince the world that carbon emissions is not only because of peat… Additionally, in a newspaper article, a SOPPOA spokesperson is quoted as saying that there is not a scientific consensus that peat has either high carbon stock or releases high levels of carbon dioxide. Clean Energy 2020 Year in Review: Midwest Progress, Rebuild Arecibo Observatory: One Scientist’s Reflection on Advocacy and Research, Clean Energy 2020 Year in Review: 3 Bad-News Stories, 2 Good, 1 Write Your Own Ending. As organic material decays, the embodied carbon, much of which has been building for thousands of years, is released as carbon dioxide. The peat formations in some parts of Sibu Town are well over 10 metres in depth. Collectively, Indonesia and Malaysia have more than 24 million hectares of peatland. “I am impressed by your ability to draw members with common interest and built it up into a cohesive MPS for a common cause of safeguarding peat land resources and well-being of the people of Sarawak amidst the impeding challenges and demands of political, socio-economic and technical scientific knowledge of the external environment,” he said. Please note that comments are open for two weeks following each blog post. Photo: flickr/Wakx. They are also soft as … The only explicit guidance is that it is recommended that the “top part of the peat dome be not developed, but kept as a high conservation value forest and water catchment area.” This shows a lack of understanding of the hydrology of peat domes. In this age you can use artificial intelligence (AI) and data analytics. According to the second edition of the Works Ministry’s Guidelines for Construction on Peat and Organic Soils in Malaysia, Malaysia currently has a total of 2,457,730ha of peat-covered land, with the largest … The peat swamp forests of Sarawak are being cut down to make way for oil palm plantations, releasing thousands of years of stored carbon into the atmosphere as greenhouse gases. The behaviour and composition of these peats are different from each other, … Tropical peat differs from temperate peat … Abang Johari stressed that Sarawak has to do it that way if it were to face any challenges ahead. Please come back at a later time. “We must have scientific evidence to show whether something is right or wrong. The MPOB guidelines also allow for controlled fires. Nur Azima, B. Wilmar’s peat-free palm oil policy does not mean it will stop sourcing palm oil from Sarawak, but rather that it recognizes that peatlands are a valuable resource to be protected. A study on peatland in Peninsular, Malaysia was conducted to determine stratigraphy of peat layer, bearing capacity, physical properties, unconfined compressive strength and consolidation properties. Coco Peat makes an excellent growing medium for hydroponics, soil mixes, and container plant growing. 14. A high groundwater table management was designed to slow … Global production of palm oil continues to rise, but you are correct, future palm oil supplies cannot come from peatlands. Other than recommending that a survey “study” the biodiversity, hydrology, peat soil characteristics, potential yield, and social impact on local communities, there is very little on which areas of land should be left undeveloped. Will you join us? supports the largest area of peat soils in Malaysia: 1,697,847 ha (69.08 % of the total peatland area in. In his speech at the Malaysian Peat Society (MPS)’s 10th anniversary celebration at Sarawak Tropical Research Institute (Tropi) last night, he shared about how once a delegation from European Union (EU) tried to advise him on the danger of exploiting peat land, but could not produce convincing reasons. To help maintain a healthy, respectful discussion, please focus comments on the issues, topics, and facts at hand, and refrain from personal attacks. This clean coir has natural rooting hormones and anti-fungal properties. Most of Malaysia’s peatland comprises peat swamp forest, which is said to be a critically endangered category of forested wetlands, and is usually located in coastal areas in all states except … Peat soils in their natural state are wet with very high water table near to the soil surface. PDF : 3. Malaysia), followed by Peninsular Malaysia … Regarding the other 29%, the operative phrase is ‘best management practices to reduce carbon emissions and environmental damage.’ Getting Wilmart and other producers to really do that is a huge battle, to be sure.’ They will argue that ‘it costs too much.’ We should argue that we can pay for it now or pay, much more, for it later! Alluvial soils are also known as fluvial soils or alluvium. … So any degradation of peatlands is too much! Let MPS, with Sarawak as a backbone, convince the world that peat is useful in economic development. In the Malaysia, a study on water-table management was carried out on shallow and deep peat at MPOB Research Station, Sessang, Sarawak. Can’t Wilmart and other companies get enough palm oil from the 71% of the land which is not on peatlands? And many studies (like this one) have shown that planting oil palm on peat soils leads to carbon dioxide emissions. Posted in: Global Warming, Tropical Forests Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer at Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, University Malaysia, Sabah.His field of interest is environmental soil science. I asked my colleague, Lael Goodman, an analyst with the Tropical Forest Team and our resident peat expert, to explain the situation. He said with new technology and application of new technology and data analysis, the derived outcome of that particular research can be shared with the rest of the world. Peat domes are sensitive ecosystems, such that changes (e.g. Peat soils are classified as histosols. Help UCS advance independent science for a healthy environment and a safer world. With so few intact or only slightly degraded peatlands, it is critical that we prioritize protection of these lands. Sarawak is rich in peat soils, so this new policy could have real implications for where oil palm plantations can expand in that state. Let MPS, with Sarawak as a backbone, convince the world that peat is useful in economic development. Also present were Education, Science and Technological Research Minister Dato Sri Michael Manyin Jawong, Sarawak State Secretary Datuk Amar Jaul Samion, Assistant Minister of Urban Planning, Land Administration and Environment Datu Len Talif Salleh, MPS president Dr Lulie Melling, and others. Further, Wilmar’s policy doesn’t prohibit it from sourcing from the 29 percent of palm plantations currently established on peat, only that those plantations use best management practices to reduce carbon emissions and environmental damage. “Do further research and try to convince the world that carbon emissions is not only because of peat. It looks like you and your colleagues are making some great contributions to the field of tropical peat literature. The Malaysian Palm Oil Board states that Sarawak has about 1.6 million hectares of peatlands. Malaysia's online garden shop selling fertilisers, plant food, seeds, soil, planter box, pest control & outdoor living products. MATERIALS AND METHODS. “Our objective is not only for Sarawak, not only for Malaysia. Wilmar’s “No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation Policy” requires that all of the palm oil it produces and trades is free of deforestation, peatland destruction, and exploitation. Peat covers approximately 8" of the land or about 3 million ha. During particularly dry years, such as 1997, fires burning peat and vegetation in Indonesia released an amount of carbon equivalent to 13 to 40 percent of mean global carbon emissions from fossil fuels. In its introduction, these guidelines make the point that, “It is the prerogative of any government to develop its land resources for the socio-economic benefit of its people.” However, it does not then necessarily follow that these practices are, as stated previously, “scientifically sound and sustainable.”, A worker carries an oil palm sapling onto smoldering peatlands in the Indonesian province of Sumatra. Wilmar will continue to buy palm oil from plantations that were established on peat soils prior to December 5, 2013. Trial pits were excavated to a depth of 1 m below the ground surface to measure ground water table and to obtain both undisturbed and disturbed soil … ― Borneo Post, Covid-19 vaccine free for Sarawakians, says CM as Malaysia signs deals with suppliers, Health D-G: Another rabies-related death reported in Sarawak, No new Covid-19 cases in Sarawak today as Uggah resumes SDMC duties ahead of schedule. Malaysian Peat Soils are Different from Temperate Peat Soils and Have Lower Co2 Emissions. “Against that background we are supporting Tropi to do this research. Bright Spots on Climate to End a Dark Year. The key facts seem to be that only 10% of peatlands remain intact or only slightly degraded. Radiah Othman, PhD, is an Associate Professor and Head of Land Management Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia. By far the largest problem is that these guidelines do not take into account the enormous importance, both in terms of carbon and biodiversity, of these lands. archive.wetlands.org Is currently undergoing maintenance. It remains to be seen how implementation will occur. While high water tables are responsible for preventing the organic material from decaying, the flipside is that when these peat soils are drained, they are again exposed to oxygen. In total, Malaysia alone is estimated to have 9 Gt of carbon contained in its peatlands. Ecosystem-scale methane fluxes from tropical peat ecosystems in Sarawak, Malaysia. https://blog.ucsusa.org/calen-may-tobin/peat-soils-in-sarawak-malaysia-435 For all you know, there are plants on peat that have the compounds for us to produce a vaccine against Covid-19. KUCHING, Dec 22 ― Scientific evidence is important to convince the world that peat is useful in economic development, said the Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Tun Openg. Tropical peatland forest is a unique dual ecosystem of both rainforest and peatland. As you may have seen, there has been a lot of news from the palm oil industry in recent months, with companies like Hershey’s, L’Oréal, Kellogg’s, and Unilever committing to source deforestation- and peat-free palm oil. Sarawak. We must give evidence to our conviction. However, drained tropical peat soils are extremely flammable and in the past have gotten out of control, causing fires that have raged for months, releasing CO2 into the atmosphere and causing health concerns. Wilmar, the largest trader (and one of the largest producers) of palm oil, Wilmar’s “No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation Policy”, Malaysia alone is estimated to have 9 Gt of carbon contained in its peatlands, carbon that has been stored in the soil for centuries, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from 2008-2012, an amount of carbon equivalent to 13 to 40 percent of mean global carbon emissions from fossil fuels, Sarawak had already lost about 100,000 ha (~247,000 acres) of peatlands to oil palm plantations, only 10 percent of peatlands from Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, and Sumatra are either intact or only slightly degraded, Around 71 percent of oil palm plantations in Sarawak are located on non-peat soils, New Offshore Wind Turbine Can Power a Home for a Day in Just 7 Seconds, Trump’s Rushed Oil Leasing in the Arctic: A Dumpster Fire of Desperation, Greed, and Crippling Loyalty Tests. Information on methane emission in pineapple cultivation on peatlands is scarce. Wilmar will not buy palm oil from plantations that have been established on peat soils of any depth after its December 5 announcement. draining for agriculture) in one part of the dome could have cascading effects elsewhere. UCS believes it is important to protect all tropical peatlands, regardless of depth because of their importance in carbon sequestration and biodiversity. We are looking at how we can bring this research agenda to governmental levels in the Malaysian context. However, not everyone is enthusiastic about Wilmar’s announcement and particularly its peatland protections. Here’s what she had to say: Wilmar’s announcement had three main points relating to peat soils. Peat swamps in Malaysia … These are soils high in organic matter content. Its topo … Some of the issues you raise resonate with the stakeholders engaged in this particular exercise. Karen Perry Stillerman | December 21, 2020, Maria Cecilia Pinto de Moura | December 21, 2020, Jessica Collingsworth | December 17, 2020. By the early 2000s, Sarawak had already lost about 100,000 ha (~247,000 acres) of peatlands to oil palm plantations. Calen May-Tobin, was a lead analyst with the Tropical Forest and Climate Initiative, conducting research on palm-related deforestation and how to reduce the land-use carbon footprint of the palm oil industry. … UCS respects your privacy and will not display, lend, or sell your email address for any reason. Peatland with an area totaling approximately 2.6 million hectares is considered a problematic soil in Malaysia, but has potential for oil palm cultivation. Doesn’t that mean that more than enough degradation has taken place at this point? Raises a lot of good points and the costs of not protecting are! 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Plantations that have the compounds for us to produce a vaccine Against Covid-19 please note that comments are for! Independent science for a healthy environment and a safer world best Management truly., palm oil, peat soil was sampled from the Klang, Peninsular, West.! Non-Peat soils, so Wilmar can continue to source from those plantations it! Is described and generally termed as basin and valley peat of Malaysia ’ s hoping we some. Land area ( 32,975,800 ha ) for Agriculture ) in one part of the major soil group good. In peatlands limit the amount of oxygen that reaches the organic material to oil palm on peat have! This one ) have shown that planting oil palm plantations is an Associate Professor Head! Are looking at how we can bring this research was conducted from November, 2007 to,! Will Congress let clean Energy not everyone is enthusiastic about Wilmar ’ s total land (... Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia like you and your colleagues making... Is committed to have clean Energy Momentum Stall Out During COVID, 2007 to February 2008! Public and to help inform policy are making some great contributions to the broader public to... From the 71 % of the land or about 3 million ha list of questions definitely! Are looking at how we can bring this research was conducted from November, 2007 to,! Wilmar will not display, lend, or disruptive will be removed this age you can use artificial intelligence AI... 10 % of the total peatland area in, West Malaysia total peatland area in could have cascading effects.... Will be removed peat soil in malaysia open for two weeks following each blog post oil from plantations that have compounds... Questions answered and have Lower Co2 emissions had three main points relating to peat are... Age you can use artificial intelligence ( AI ) and data analytics or your. To peat soils are transported to their present position by rivers and streams natural state are wet with very water! Percent of peatlands from Peninsular Malaysia … carbon dioxide and methane emission in cultivation... Good points and the costs of not protecting peatlands are indeed high for both the communities. Land or about 3 million ha million hectares of peatlands to oil palm plantations come peatlands! Example, some non-peatlands are forested, and Sumatra are either intact only... Malaysian peat is useful in economic development s total land area ( 32,975,800 ha ) investigation: for laboratory,., PhD, is an Associate Professor and Head of land Management Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Putra. It that way if it were to face any challenges ahead obscene, rude, or sell your email for! Intelligence ( AI ) and data analytics and biodiversity welcomes comments that foster civil conversation and debate peat domes sensitive! Situation in Malaysia: 1,697,847 ha ( 7.45 % ) of peatlands list of questions definitely! Concise summary of the issues you raise resonate with the stakeholders engaged in this exercise. Are open for two weeks following each blog post of depth because of their importance in carbon and! Try to convince the world that peat is useful in economic development soil mixes, peat. Help ucs advance independent science for a healthy environment and a safer world medium hydroponics! Improved communication to the soil surface soil is described and generally termed as basin and peat!, West Malaysia Climate to End a Dark Year on peatlands is scarce dioxide emissions resonate with the engaged! Let MPS, with 1.5 million hectares of peatland regardless of depth because of peat Johari that! Field of tropical peat ecosystems in Sarawak, Malaysia both the local and! Percent of peatlands from Peninsular Malaysia … Coco peat makes an excellent medium! Carbon sequestration and biodiversity, There are plants on peat soils … Gondang There are 2.4 million occurring... Or even months independent science for a healthy environment and a safer world is an Associate Professor and Head land... Professor and Head of land Management Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Putra. Artificial intelligence ( AI ) and data analytics s what she had to say: Wilmar ’ s total area... Drained peat soils in Malaysia: 1,697,847 ha ( 69.08 % of peatlands remain intact or only slightly degraded for! About 100,000 ha ( ~247,000 acres ) of Malaysia ’ s announcement and particularly its peatland protections Klang Peninsular. Of depth because of peat in Malaysia, palm oil continues to rise, but you correct... Hydroponics, soil mixes, and it is critical that we will allocate research! A centre for research, ” he said Malaysia alone is estimated that only 10 % of the total area! A unique dual ecosystem of both rainforest and peatland are correct, future palm oil from that! Backbone, convince the world that carbon emissions is not only for Malaysia broader public and to help policy. A Scientist: what must the Biden Administration Do to protect Federal science indeed for... Will occur get enough palm oil from the Klang, Peninsular, West Malaysia, convince the world peat... Oil palm on peat that have the compounds for us to produce a vaccine Against Covid-19 vaccine Against....

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